25
Apr
09

Day 204 of a 365-Day Portrait of Canada: Annapolis Royal, Granville Ferry, Port Royal, Nova Scotia

 

Annapolis Royal and Area

A Nova Scotian flag greets the morning sun in Granville Ferry.

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Edith Bernice Orde has lived in Granville Beach in since 1950. “I just love it here, it’s so beautiful here, why would you want to be anywhere else?”

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Old Victorian mansions line the roadway through Granville Ferry, giving it an old-world charm. Some houses like this one are in need of some TLC, and to top it all off, yards are often two acres which also need care and love. Despite the size of these grand properties, the cost to purchase one is far less then a house in Calgary or Winnipeg.

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Faces We Met Today in Annapolis Royal

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Celebrating a 45th birthday party with friends and dinner in Granville Ferry.

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Annapolis Royal has been successful in retaining a classic 1800’s historical architecture along the waterfront with its residences.

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Jim and Hannalore take a stroll through Fort Anne National Park.

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Louis and Ruth Long stand in front of the Annapolis Royal town office. The Longs have lived in the Bear River area for 75 years.

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Joel Foster has worked for the Annapolis Royal police force for a month and a half after having just graduated from Police school two months ago.

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Annapolis Royal is building a new $300 000 skate park, but for now, these kids will have to make due with a single half pipe on St. George Street.

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Michelle has worked for Purolator for 15 years and she has lived in the fishing village of Hampton for two years.

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Esso Mechanic in Granville Station

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Elder Mertz is from Califorina and is on a two year missionary trip arcoss North America. Elder Thurgood is from Idaho and has been gone on the road for one and half years doing mission work. These young boys will help out doing yardwork and other odd jobs for anyone who needs it.

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Today was Kaylee Moar’s last day at the Esso in Granville Station. Kaylee leaves next week for Regina to attend RCMP training at the “Depot.”

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A proud Canadian flies the Canadian flag alongside a mini lighthouse.

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Rick Hall stands in the doorway of the Mainama Shed on the Fort Anne National Historic Site. Rick has worked with Parks Canada for 28 years.

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A House Full Of Eager Onlookers Take In an Evening Of Instant Theatre In Granville Ferry

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The arts scene is alive and kicking in the Annapolis Royal area with painters, playrights, muscians, and actors all adding to and participating in the cultural richness locally and nationally.

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Dressed up and somewhere to go! Dean proudly displays the artwork he purchased at the International Dinner Night which was raising money for the local food bank and the “Peace School Program” in Sierra Leon.

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Port-Royal National Historic Site

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Port-Royal is a national historic site because of its legacy: French culture, commerce and colonization, and the experiences of Mi’kmaq and French colonists, covering the period from 1605 to 1613; and the replica of the Habitation as a milestone in the Canadian heritage movement.

History

In 1603, a French gentleman, Pierre Dugua de Mons, received a fur trade monopoly for a large area between the 40th and 45th parallel in northeastern North America on condition he establish a colony there. His first expedition arrived in 1604 and selected a site for settlement on St. Croix Island. That winter, nearly half the colonists succumbed to the cold and scurvy. The following summer, after exploring the nearby coasts, Samuel de Champlain, explorer and mapmaker, and François Pont-Gravé selected a new site, named Port-Royal, across the Bay of Fundy. The colony was moved before Sieur de Mons returned to France, leaving Pont-Gravé in charge of the new settlement.

Ironically, just as the colony seemed capable of sustaining itself, word arrived that Sieur de Mons’ monopoly was revoked. By the fall of 1607, the colonists were en route to France and the Habitation was left in the care of Membertou, chief of the Mi’kmaq in the Port-Royal area. Although Sieurs de Mons’ monopoly was temporarily reinstated and a member of the earlier expeditions, Champdoré, came to trade with the Mi’kmaq in 1608, French settlement was temporarily on hold.

In February 1606 Sieur de Poutrincourt, to whom Sieur de Mons had earlier granted land at Port-Royal, received confirmation of this grant from the king of France. He returned in 1610 with a small expedition to Port-Royal, where he received a warm welcome from Membertou. Hoping to regain royal favour and financial backing, Jean de Poutrincourt encouraged Membertou, his family and several of his people to convert to Catholicism. Despite these efforts, the colony’s financial support remained on shaky grounds. Jesuit interest in establishing missions in Acadie and their influence at Court ensured their participation when they became financial partners of a wary and reluctant Jean de Poutrincourt. The arrival and subsequent involvement of Pères Massé and Biard in local affairs at Port-Royal made existing internal conflicts worse. Crises occurred regarding the affairs of Robert Pont Gravé and the burial of Membertou. The colony lost its financial support due to conflicts between the Pourtrincourts, father and son, and the Jesuits. In May 1613, a relief ship removed the Jesuits to Penobscot where they founded another settlement named Saint-Sauveur. They were attacked in July by Samuel Argall, of Virginia, who was commissioned to expel all Frenchmen from territory claimed by England.

In November 1613, while the inhabitants of the Port-Royal settlement were away up river, Samuel Argall’s expedition sailed into Port-Royal and looted and burned the Habitation. De Poutrincourt, who was in France, returned in the spring of 1614 to find his Habitation in ruins, and his son and companions living with the Mi’kmaq. Discouraged, he returned to France and transferred his North American lands to his son, who remained loyal to his adopted homeland. He died around 1623 and bequeathed his possessions to Charles de La Tour.

The Canadian government rebuilt the Habitation at Port-Royal in 1939-40 after much lobbying and research by several dedicated preservationists. Summer resident Harriette Taber Richardson of Cambridge, Massachusetts; Loftus Morton Fortier, the first Honourary Superintendent of Fort Anne and President of the Historical Association of Annapolis Royal; and Colonel E.K. Eaton were the most prominent lobbyists. Today the Habitation not only commemorates historic events of the distant past but is itself a landmark in Canada’s preservation movement.

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Detail of Port Royal

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